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About Fatehpur

Fatehpur city has the municipal board in the district of Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh. It is located in between the rivers Ganga and Yamuna with the two important cities of Allahabad and Kanpur on both its sides about 117 Km and 76 Km away from it, respectively. Originally said to have been founded by Rishi Purwar, who later became the ruler of the city, the modern city of Fatehpur was founded in the 15th century. Fatehpur holds great historic importance with respect to the First War of Indian Independence of 1857. The city is well connected by both train and road routes. It is situated on National Highway-2 and the railway line from Delhi to Kolkata runs through this city. Fatehpur has a number of agro-based industries and small-scale enterprises that are involved in blanket making and cotton-print making.

Kalikan mandir in Fatehpur

Brief History of Fatehpur

Fatehpur as a city has found mention since the Vedic times, when it was known as Antardesh, as it comprises the area in between the River Ganges and Yamuna. Later, its name was changed to Madhyadesh meaning central region. As per Buddhist literature, Fatehpur was a part of the district of Vatsa - one among the sixteen Mahajanapadas (districts) mentioned there.

Relics of archaeological value from around 800 B.C. have been discovered at a place called Renh, 25 km south-west of Fatehpur, while numerous historical artifacts from the Maurya, Kusad and Gupta period have been unearthed in different places of the district of Fatehpur.

During the Mughal rule, Fatehpur went under the control of Jaunpur, Delhi and Kannauj. It was in the beginning of the 19th century that this area came under the British and became a sub-division. It was converted into a district headquarter in 1826 AD.

Fatehpur Famous Personalities

The ethnic land of Fatehpur has given many famous personalities to the nation. Renowned saint Syed Riyaz Ahmad Naqshbandi, great Indian freedom fighter Thakur Dariyao Singh and James Miller who won Victoria Cross highest gallantry awards given by the Scottish government were from the land of Fatehpur. The 17th Indian Prime Minister V.P Singh was elected to the Indian Parliament from Fatehpur constituency.

Geography of Fatehpur

Fatehpur is located at latitude and longitude standing at 25.93°N and 80.8°E, respectively, and with an elevation of 110 metres (360 feet). It lies in the Doab region found in between the Ganges and the Yamuna hence the topography of this region has been influenced by these rivers.

Climate of Fatehpur

Fatehpur has a climate that features mainly hot summers and considerably pleasant winters. The place also receives a good amount of rainfall with the average annual rainfall being 870.3 mm (34.26''). Winters in Fatehpur last from November to February, after which the summers begin in March continuing up to the middle of the month of June. The Monsoon season lasts between mid-June and September. During the scalding summers, the maximum temperature can go up as high as 45-48°C, while during the winters the minimum temperature can hover between 3°C and 8°C.

Fatehpur Administration

Fatehpur is a municipal board and it belongs to the Allahabad division of the state administration. Fatehpur is one of the three main sub-divisions of the district apart from Bindki and Khaga. These three sub-divisions are again divided into administrative blocks namely Airaya, Asothar, Amauli, Bhitaura, Bahua, Dhata, Deomai, Haswa, Hathgam, Khajuha, Teliyani, Malwan and Vijayipur. The division commissioner is the overall incharge of administration in Allahabad division. The district magistrate residing in Fatehpur city controls the overall administration in Fatehpur district. The current MP of Fatehpur is Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti and the current MLA is Syed Qasim Hasan. Here is the detailed list of government bodies operating in Fatehpur.

District Collectorate Office
Katchery road
District Court compound, LIC Road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh- 212601

Lawyers Chambers
District Collectorate Compound
Katchehry road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh- 212601

City Municipal Office
LIC Road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh- 212601

BSNL Office
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

Fatehpur Court Post Office
Collectorate Compound Road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601
Phone no.: 05180 221 265

City Municipal Office
LIC Road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

ARTO Office
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

Fatehpur Head Post Office
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601
Phone no.: 05180 224 436
Landmark: Near FATEHPUR railway crossing, Behind BSNL building

Sahkari samiti
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

District court Fatehpur
Collectorate Compound Road
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601
Phone no.: 05180224467

District Jail
SH 71
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

Fatehpur District Jail
Jail Road, SH 71
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

Children Prison
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh -212601

Culture of Fatehpur

The culture of Fatehpur has both Hindu as well as Islamic influences. Numerous Hindu temples and Jain and Buddhist shrines dating back to the Gupta and post-Gupta times are found here. During the Mughal rule Fatehpur came under the Mughal regime and thus the Muslim influence permeated in its culture. Many mosques and maktab (school) can thus be found here. However, the architecture of the buildings found in this area is predominantly Indian with the few constructions from the Muslim period displaying Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The northern region of the district of Fatehpur is influenced by "Avadhi" culture while its southern part is influenced by "Bundelkhand" culture. People celebrate the festival of Holi or the spring season and the rainy season by singing folk songs (Hori or Phag and Malhar and Kajri). Mushairas (gatherings of Urdu poets) and Kavi Sammelans (gatherings of Hindi poets) are also popular in Fatehpur. Hindi is the most important language of this city.

Festivals in Fatehpur

Festivals in Fatehpur are celebrated with equal pomp and show as in other parts of India. The main Hindu festivals that are celebrated here are Diwali, Dussehra, Holi, Rakshabandhan, Shivratri, Bharat fair, Khichdi fair and the likes. The Islamic festivals that are celebrated in the city are Muharram, Eid, Bakr Id or Eid al-Adha, Rabi' al-awwal procession (Chup Tazia) and Chehelom (Arba'een).

Fatehpur Tourism

The major tourist attractions in and around Fatehpur are:
  • Bhitaura
  • Renh
  • Bawani Imali
  • Shivrajpur
  • Khajuha
  • Hathgam
  • Korari
  • Ghazipur
  • Asothar
  • Dhamna Khurd
  • Bindiki

How to Reach Fatehpur

Fatehpur is well-connected to other parts of the country via roads such as national and state highways. Numerous buses ply on these roads connecting the place with important cities of the state of Uttar Pradesh such as Allahabad, Banda, Kanpur and Lucknow and other neighbouring states. And for that Fatehpur has its own inter-state bus station. The nearest domestic airport is the Kanpur Chakeri, which serves the city as well, and the nearest international airport is in Lucknow that takes less than three hours to reach.

Quick Facts about Fatehpur

Altitude: 110 m
Latitude: 25.93°N
Longitude: 80.8°E
Population: 193,801 (2011 census)
Average Rainfall: 870.3 mm (annual)
Languages: Hindi
Religions: Hinduism, Islam
Best Time to visit: Between November and February
STD Code: 05180

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